The Causes and Consequences of Adult Obesity

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Adult Obesity

People who are overweight have excessive or abnormal fat accumulation that often impairs their health. The Body Mass Index (BMI) determines if a person is overweight or obese. The formula for determining whether a person is overweight or obese is kg/m². This formula is calculated by a person’s weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared. People are overweight when their BMI is 25 or more. A person is obese when their BMI is 30 or more. A BMI of 24 or less is considered healthy.

Overweight VS Obesity

Being overweight and being obese are two different things, although they are similar in many ways. Both overweight and obese imply a person has more weight than the set standard of being healthy. Overweight means a person has more weight than deemed healthy for the person’s age and build. Obesity means a person has excess body fat that equals or exceeds a BMI of 30 or more.

Risk Factors

Obesity and being overweight have different risk factors. Obesity has risk factors that include coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and hypertension. Being overweight puts you at risk for high blood pressure and depression.

Treatments and Remedies for Being Obese or Overweight

The treatments and remedies for being obese or overweight vary. Being obese is a more serious condition than being overweight. Treatments for obesity include reducing calorie intake and exercising. In extreme instances of obesity, surgery is a prime option for treatment. Being overweight requires you to reduce your calorie intake and exercise. Over 1 billion people in the US are overweight while 300 million people in the US are obese.

Why Do People Gain Weight?

Understanding adult obesity requires you to understand how and why people gain weight. Many people gain weight because balancing consumed calories and the calories you burn is difficult. Weight gain occurs when people eat more calories than they burn, and for some, it’s a cycle that will never end.

What Factors Contribute to Weight Gain?

There are many different factors that contribute to weight gain. Some of these factors contribute to adult obesity and cause different health problems.


Research confirms genes and family play a major role in being obese or overweight. Many things are taught or passed down, such as tradition, lifestyle, and diet habits. Although obesity may be common in someone’s family, it is not impossible for them to stop the cycle and manage their weight.

The Environment

With technology advancing as it is today, there are a lot of things that are obsolete. Where people work, socialize, and live play a part in the habits people adopt. 50 years ago, the obesity rates were lower because of how people lived. Today, a lot of people would much rather drive to a destination than walk. Some people are less active today due to safety issues, such as having sidewalks to walk safely to and from a place or a neighborhood or location where people feel safe to exercise. There are more takeout and fast food restaurant options than ever before, and these foods are contributing more calories to a person’s body than cooking at home. It’s rare, if any, vending machines have low-calorie or low-fat snacks for purchase, so people eat junk food on their lunch break or for breakfast because there are no other options.


Every culture is different, and some cultures eat foods that contain a lot of sugars and fats than other cultures. Constantly consuming foods that have high amounts of sugar and fat make it almost impossible to lose weight. Many cultures have family events and gatherings that feature a variety of foods that are not properly portioned when plated, which makes it difficult to control weight.


Research studies suggest sleep is linked with obesity and being overweight. Lack of sleep makes losing weight difficult. Being awake longer means eating more, and most of the time, the food choices are unhealthy.


Some prescribed medications and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs cause weight gain. In some instances, a person taking more than one medication can gain weight due to combining effects of the medications. Medications prescribed for depression and a variety of other mental health conditions often cause weight gain.

Body Shape Matters

Doctors concern themselves with many factors when it comes to weight gain, including how much weight is gained and where weight is gained. It is common for women to gain weight around the hips and buttocks. After menopause, women often gain weight around their stomach. Men often gain weight around their stomach as they age. Men and women who accumulate excess fat around the midsection are more prone to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and a variety of other health conditions than people who do have excess weight around their midsection.

Effects of Adult Obesity

There is more than one effect of being obese or overweight, such as emotional and social stress. In society, appearance is highly valued. Someone who does not fit into society’s ideal of beauty will experience struggles trying to fit in. Many people will view them as unattractive due to their weight. Being overweight or obese can cause people to have limited job options, and experience social shunning.

How to Prevent Being Obese

There are steps that can be taken to prevent adult obesity and being overweight. Exercising is a popular method of weight loss. People who decide to exercise to lose weight should plan to do so between 150 to 300 minutes each week. Walking and swimming are popular activities that help prevent weight gain.

Eat Healthy

Following a healthy eating plan is another way to lose weight. People do not necessarily have to follow a rigorous or complex diet plan to successfully lose weight. Eating more fruits and vegetables than fast food can help prevent weight gain. Alcohol consumption should be limited, and sweet, fatty foods should be avoided as much as possible.

Monitoring Weight

Monitoring weight regularly is another great way to prevent unwanted weight gain. A person should check their weight every week to ensure they are maintaining a healthy weight.

Be Consistent

Being as consistent as possible is a good practice to follow to ensure successful weight loss or maintain a healthy weight is achieved. Being consistent is one of the most challenging parts of losing weight, and some days will be better than others.

Let’s Prevent Obesity Together

One Fitness Camp is here to help! Let’s prevent obesity together by spreading the word and informing everyone we know about making choices. Contact us today to see how you can be a part of the action!

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